Analysis of Cost Overruns in Saudi Arabia Construction Projects: A University Case Study
Keywords:cost, overrruns, low-bid, Saudi Arabia, Best Value Performance Information Procurement System (BV PIPS)
Public projects in Saudi Arabia have been experiencing low construction project performance for the past decade. Studies have identified the low-bid delivery method as an important factor in causing such delays. In addition, low bids for contracts have not reflected the actual project cost. A case study was conducted at a university campus in northern Saudi Arabia in which the actual project costs for four projects were examined. The study found that all four projects’ costs were higher than the original bid. In addition, a large survey was conducted of 804 classified contractors and universities representatives who identified change orders as the most common factor causing cost overruns in Saudi Arabia. Previous studies showed that some contractors aim to submit low bids for winning the competition then change orders to reduce their losses. Consequently, low bids also lead to cost overruns. In a comparison using the result of a case study and the results of the Performance Information Procurement System (PIPS), Saudi Arabia’s delivery system was identified as a potential cause of project performance issues.